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Lewis & Clark Bicentennial Commission
Education Committee Meeting
October 25, 1999
2:00 P.M.

Present were: Hal Stearns, Jeanne Eder, Clint Blackwood, Rita Cortright, Gail Gray, Kris Gallas, Jonathan Matthews, Carla Wambach, and Ann Goldhawn.

Mr. Blackwood announced that the L&C Commission teamed up with MSU Extension and Travel Montana and conducted six community planning workshops in Laurel, Miles City, Wolf Point, Great Falls, Lolo, and Whitehall. He said the thinnest turnout was at Laurel, the rest had 25-30, with 40 attendees at Great Falls.

He announced that Terry Korpela decided not to seek reappointment to the Commission, but wants to retain a presence on the Education Committee. She was unable to attend today's meeting. Hal Stearns volunteered at the last Commission meeting to take on temporary chairmanship of the Education Committee. Mr. Blackwood said the Governor will appoint Ms. Korpela's replacement and recommended that anyone who knows someone interested an appointment write to the Governor expressing their interest. Mr. Blackwood said that Leif Johnson accepted a new job and moved to Colorado and has resigned his position with the Commission. The terms of Darrell Kipp and Betty Stone are also up at this time and both have expressed an interest to be re-appointed. Mr. Blackwood anticipates that both will be appointed to a second term.

Regarding the Lewis & Clark Bicentennial Council, Mr. Blackwood said there are 24 members on their board, four of which were from Montana. Two of those, Jeanne Eder and Homer Staves, have very recently resigned. Ms. Eder said she encouraged Mr. Staves to seek a position on the Montana L&C Commission.

Mr. Blackwood said he will be attending the Trail States Coordinating Meeting next week in Portland where he hopes the 11 states, National Council, and key Federal Agencies will address the coordination of their efforts. Ann Goldhawn said she has been contacted regarding 6 elder hostels from Oregon who are planning to follow the trail on a 16-day trip from St. Charles to Astoria and plan to come through Great Falls.

Mr. Blackwood will also attend the 11/8-11/9/99 American Rivers conference on community planning in St. Charles, Missouri.

Regarding visitation, Mr. Blackwood said the 11 trail states have joined together to hire a national research firm to determine awareness and interest levels on a national level. The Institute for Tourism and Recreation Research in Missoula will also do a national visitation estimate study and a visitor intercept survey next summer at key Montana Lewis & Clark sites. He said these visitation studies may be completed in a couple of months.

Mr. Blackwood addressed his expectations for today's meeting, saying at their last meeting the committee revised its goals and focus areas and agreed to address ideas for implementation of those goals at their next meeting, which is what he hoped to accomplish today. He began discussion on Focus Area #1A, and related the discussion the full Commission had on the endorsement process. He said they struggled with the subject, and said it was his feeling that the Commission did not want implement a full-blown endorsement plan. He explained Mr. Kipp's suggestion that when a group requests listing of their event on the Commission's website, they be sent a questionnaire that also contains a promise to do everything possible to insure the event is historically accurate and culturally inclusive. Applicants would be on the honor system; the Commission would do very little to "qualify"events. A disclaimer would be posted on the website that says they have met the basic requirements. A review committee of the Commission would do a quick review of all applications to determine if they met some very basic criteria. Use of the logo would not constitute endorsement, but will signal that they have complied with the application process. Ms. Eder asked about using endorsements as a fundraising tool. Mr. Blackwood explained there are two separate ideas; one is a product licensing program where the logo would be registered as a trademark. The Commission would receive money for the use of that trademark on products. The other issue is sponsorships where, for instance, the Commission would work with a car dealership or a bank wishing to sponsor an event. Ms. Gallas suggested qualifying the logo for distinct uses. Mr. Blackwood said the Commission has not determined exactly where they want to go with the endorsement question, and he has been asked to bring ideas back to the Commission's January meeting. Mr. Stearns spoke about the impossibility of determining the correctness of information and cited the list of errors that have already been detected in Ambrose's book. Mr. Blackwood said the National Council is struggling with what to do with the endorsement question. Ms. Goldhawn reported on her presentation at the MEA conference where she talked about the education programs at the Interpretive Center. She suggested the possibility of a half-day session at future MEA conferences. Ms. Goldhawn offered to work with Kris Gallas to help plan a session for next year's meeting in Billings. Ms. Gallas suggested having a resource list available for teachers.

Ms. Gallas announced the Historical Society's development of two new footlockers on Lewis and Clark. The first will be ready in January and will contain general information, a grizzly hide, compass, medal, and the black binder as well. Mr. Matthews said there are some Native American items contained in his students' materials in the trunk. The second trunk will be produced with assistance from the five major tribes that had contact with Lewis and Clark; the Nez Perce, Blackfeet, Crow, Salish, and Shoshone, and will address the life ways of those tribes. She said the intention is to contract with an Indian educator to write lessons for each tribe, or possibly to contract with one educator from each tribe to write lessons for their respective tribe. She envisions having a binder for each tribe that contains lessons on their life ways in the 1800's, what was important to their tribe and how the lived. One of the lessons would deal with Blackfeet encounters with the Lewis & Clark Expedition from the Blackfeet's point of view. Ms. Gallas is seeking funding for the development of the trunks. Mr. Stearns said the Nez Perce have already produced marvelous education materials that could be obtained by placing a phone call. Ms. Eder said the same is true for the Salish. Ms. Goldhawn said development of an Indian Games Trunk is in process at the Ulm Piskin Center. Mr. Stearns referred Ms. Gallas to George Knapp and Chuck Sundstrom, who have developed a trunk containing replicas of many of the items used by Lewis and Clark.

The following is a list of the suggested action items that was developed as a result of the group's discussion:

  1. Goal 1:

    To be an effective clearinghouse and network for Lewis and Clark information for present and future generations.

    1. Focus Area 1A:

      To develop and implement an endorsement process for educational resources to ensure accurate, honest, and responsible portrayal of the expedition and the people they encountered.

      The guidelines should consider the following:

      1. Native American inclusion and sensitivity
      2. Age appropriate
      3. Factual Accuracy (in context)
      4. Interdisciplinary
      5. Higher level thinking skills
      6. Connections to American/World history

      Agreed to leave this as it reads

    2. Focus Area 1B:

      To develop and implement an electronic database system (Intranet Site) for the central compilation and distribution of pertinent Lewis & Clark information.

    Suggested Action Items:
    Continue to enhance and maintain new Intranet Site

  2. Goal 2:

    To encourage education activities through all age levels to commemorate the Lewis and Clark Bicentennial.

    1. Focus Area 2A:

      Encourage all higher education institutions, (including public, private and tribal) to develop related courses, seminars, workshops or elder hostel programs based on subject matter unique to the local area or its people, by 2003.

      Suggested Action Items:

      • Obtain a list of available elder hostel programs related to L&C for Intranet
      • Contact Center for Rocky Mountain West at UM
      • Have universities and colleges conduct workshops/courses for continuing education
      • Make available or develop opportunities for L&C education programs, N.W. Education Lab in Portland, for example
      • Stage, present, facilitate statewide L&C Symposium, and call for proposals 6 months in advance (possible co-op with MCH, could teleconference, publish results - Jonathan Matthews to work on this).
      • Facilitate a 1-day conference with public/private/tribal schools to exchange information and foster partnerships (history, continuing education, teacher prep.). The L&C Interpretive Center could host this.
    2. Focus Area 2B:

      Encourage all K-12 institutions (including public, private and tribal) to integrate the story of Lewis and Clark and the people they met into curriculum by 2004.

      Suggested Action Items

      • Need MEA/MFT support
      • Sessions at MEA/MFT Conference
      • Pupil Instruction Related Days (PIR Days, 3 days per year per teacher)
      • Sessions at State Reading Council Conference
      • Sessions at Partners Council (federal program)
      • Renewal Credit Workshops
      • Intranet listing
      • Curriculum Cooperatives
      • Montana Council for Social Studies
      • Vision Net
      • METNET
      • Montana Indian Education Assn.
      • Partner with people or institutions to create training opportunities
      • Create seminars/workshops and make them available
    3. Focus Area 2C:

      Encourage museums, libraries, historical institutions and organizations (including public, private and tribal) to integrate the story of Lewis and Clark and the people they met into their programming by 2004.

      Suggested Action Items:

      • Get on Museums Association of Montana agenda for next year and in their newsletter
      • Get on agendas for State Library, Community and Association meetings
      • MHS History Conference panel or workshops
      • Special edition of Montana Magazine
      • Compilation/book proposed by AWe Proceed On@
      • Encourage FWP, BLM, FS, USFWS, NPS, MT Env. Educ. Asn., and others to coordinate activities and events
      • Montana-based traveling exhibit
      • Develop a traveling education exhibit center
    4. Focus Area 2D:

      Encourage the development and implementation of a distinguished educator Lewis and Clark immersion program by 2003.

      Proposed Action Items:

      • Explore other immersion programs across the country, (NEA, NEH, OPI, MCH)
      • Schools sponsor teachers to attend
      • Partner with a higher education institution and/or corporate sponsor to fund and be program facilitator
  3. Goal #3:

    Encourage development of Indian education resource centers at Lewis and Clark facilities.

    Proposed Action Items:

    • Develop a statewide Native American support group
    • Present at Indian Tourism Alliance Conference at Fort Peck, November 19
    • Present a session at American Indian Higher Education Consortium (national group that meets twice a year)
    • Link with Coordinator of Indian Affairs (Wyman McDonald until his replacement is named by Governor)
    • Encourage existing L&C centers to incorporate Indian Education Resource Centers
    • Solicit and seek funding for improvement and creation of Indian Education Resource Centers (could become satellites of National American Indian Museum)
    • Partner with existing facilities to develop Indian Education Resource Centers
  4. Goal #4:

    To promote the Lewis and Clark story and the people they met to the general public and the service industry.

    1. Focus Area 4A:

    Develop a Lewis and Clark 101 education packet

    Proposed Action Items:

    • Develop traveling education exhibition center. (Also fits under Focus Area 2C)
    • Work possibly with a special Steering Committee to develop a Montana L&C 101 Education packet, possibly in conjunction with the Montana Superhost program
    • Prepare fact sheet on basic L&C information

Next Step

Mr. Blackwood agreed to disseminate today's information to the full Education Committee and the Commission. He will mail each committee member extra copies and solicit comments from them on the proposed action items, and ask them to suggest other action items, as well as solicit input from educators they may be in contact with.

The Education Committee set their next meeting for December 2 (from 2 to 5 PM) in the conference room at OPI.



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